On Saturday, November 26, Ukraine remembers the victims of the Holodomors of the 20th century. This Memorial Day is celebrated annually on the fourth Saturday of November on the basis of presidential decrees in 1998 and 2007.
It is known that in the 20th century Ukrainians survived three Holodomors: 1921-1923, 1932-1933 and the famine of 1946-1947. The largest was the famine of 1932-1933 – it is called the genocide of the Ukrainian people, carried out by the regime of Joseph Stalin. According to various estimates, about 4.5 million Ukrainians died then.
This catastrophic Holodomor was preceded by the forced collectivization of rural farms, the “dispossession” of peasants, the grain procurement campaign, and mass terror in the countryside. Terror famine operated in Ukraine for 22 months.
In accordance with the law on the Holodomor of 1932-1933 in Ukraine, adopted on November 28, 2006, the famine of 1932-1933 is an act of genocide of the Ukrainian people, and its “public denial … is recognized as a desecration of the memory of millions of victims of the Holodomor, humiliation of the dignity of the Ukrainian people and is illegal.”
By a decision of the Kyiv Court of Appeal dated January 13, 2010, Soviet leaders – Joseph Stalin, Vyacheslav Molotov, Lazar Kaganovich, Pavel Postyshev, Stanislav Kosior, Vlas Chubar, Mendel Khataevich, were found guilty of organizing the Holodomor in Ukraine.
According to tradition, on this day, Ukrainians light a candle in their homes in memory of those who died from an artificial famine organized by the Soviet authorities.
Mourning events are planned for the Day of Remembrance of Holodomor Victims in Ukraine. In the Khlebny premises of the Sophia Kyivska National Reserve, the Territory A art agency will hold a charitable and educational event Candle of Memory. Bread of memory. The Holodomor Museum is hosting an exhibition of Leica, which saw the Holodomor, where for the first time in Ukraine and the world an album with photographs of Kharkov in 1933 and the Leica II camera, with which they were taken, is exhibited.
To date, the Holodomor in Ukraine of 1932-1933 has been officially recognized as a genocide of the Ukrainian people by 22 states.